What is Turf-type
has survived for millions of years,
through droughts, floods and insect invasions. It is the only turfgrass that is native to the
United States. Buffalograss
has a very low water
a deep root system that grows several feet into the soil.
This root system
allows it to draw water and nutrients from a large area. Buffalograss
thrives on 1/4 inch of water per week. Water
savings with buffalograss is astounding. Over one million gallons of
water can be saved on every turf acre every year by replacing a high
water-use turfgrass, like bluegrass, with buffalograss.
The timing of your
natural rainfall will dictate when, and if, additional watering will be
required. Buffalograss is highly resistant to common turf
insects including; grubs, webworms and billbugs.
the 1980's, turf managers saw the need for a quality turfgrass that
would be less costly to maintain. An effort was made to find a
new, low maintenance grass for lawns because of the increasing
population worldwide and the limited amount of water to go around.
As a result of this research, the first turf-type buffalograss varieties
were released in the early 1990's. These first generation,
seedless varieties were "609", Prairie, "315" and "378". Seeded
types like Cody, Bam 1000 and Tatanka also came on the market.
the amount of money spent
on fertilizer and chemicals each year. Turf-type buffalograss
became the "protector of our
seedless varieties had a
definite advantage over the seeded types, they still lacked the overall
density and color to compete with the looks of a traditional lawn.
2000, Legacy® Buffalograss, a second generation turf-type seedless
developed by the University of Nebraska,
came to market. Legacy's
soft, narrow blade made
the turf an ideal choice for
lawn activities. It had
color. The quality of Legacy Buffalograss surpassed
all other types of vegetative and seeded buffalograss. The
popularity of buffalograss soared.
Legacy Buffalograss turf offered
an exciting new dimension in turf maintenance.
have a beautiful manicured lawn without the constant watering and mowing.
Development of new varieties continued. It was unrealistic to think one
variety would be the best grass for all areas and climates. In 2003
was released by University of California creating the ultimate grass for the
heat of the lower valley of Arizona and California. Prestige™
followed in 2004 for the humid climates like the south and southeast United
Todd Valley Farms owns the
exclusive right to all three of these remarkable grasses. All three are
seedless, or vegetatively reproduced. Vegetative varieties offer many
advantages over seeded types. They establish faster. Our accelerated
growth plugs should give you a lawn in 2 to 4 growing months instead
of 3 to 5 years required for seeded types. While vegetative varieties
produce a few pollen heads under certain conditions they do not produce the
massive quantities that the seeded varieties do. Seeded varieties need to
be mowed regularly to remove these unsightly heads. Vegetative varieties
are generally considered pollen free, creating a improved environment
for people and pets with allergies. The establishment window for seeded
types is very short. Seeded types must be seeded during early summer when
temperatures are high and weeds are prevalent. The use of chemicals during
establishment is very limited. Plugs and sod have a planting window from
spring until fall and can be treated with chemicals to prevent weed growth
conservation of water is a must for all of us, but we must also reduce
our dependency on chemicals and the need for the weekly ritual of mowing.
Lawnmowers are one of the worst polluters of the air we breath. Our
buffalograss varieties require mowing only once every 2 to 3 weeks.
Since these varieties have such a short maximum height, many people choose
to leave their lawns un-mowed.
Ask for these grasses at
your local garden center or order online. We are also contracting with sod
farms throughout North America to better serve those who wish to sod instead
more information on a distributor in your area go to the
Buffalograss Grower and Distributor Page
or place an
for plugs to be shipped directly to you.
From the prized,
front yard of a home... to a child's playground...
to an installation of plugs on the roof top of a
downtown building...turf type buffalograss adapts to
a wide range of landscapes.
Buffalograss can be used as the only turfgrass in
your yard or in conjunction with traditional turf grasses to create a distinctive
landscape. Every landscape has areas where Buffalograss will fit,
giving the opportunity to expand the usable turf area, yet reduce maintenance
costs. Flower bulbs can be planted into Buffalograss in a median
on a city street or in your front yard to give an early spring burst of color
that will give way to green grass as summer approaches.
Buffalograss can be installed on a green roof to purify the air, control
rainwater runoff, insulate the building and dramatically extend the life of the
roof. The use of
Turf-type Buffalograss is limited only by your
Todd Valley Farms
buffalograss varieties give
up to a 75% reduction in water
consumption, therefore saving you money. These varieties thrive on
a fraction of the amount of water needed for most turfgrasses. With a root
system extending several feet into the ground, watering is not needed in most
parts of the country. The rest of the country will see a substantial
reduction in water usage. In gallons this means about one million
gallons of water per acre can be saved by using Legacy, Prestige or UC Verde. This allows water
to be used for other necessities, like drinking.
you are purchasing buffalograss plugs and are concerned
about watering requirements to establish the plugs, you
should also consider purchasing Zeba Root Dip.
OUNCE PACKET will dip approximately 1000 plugs, for only
Helps protect root systems from drying out after
· Decreases plant stress for improved stand development.
· Holds 400 times it’s weight in water.
· Slowly releases just the right amount of water to the
roots as needed.
Gives you higher plant survival rates and consistently higher quality plants.
Todd Valley Farms reduces or eliminates mowing,
saving you money and protecting the quality of air we breath. Lawn mower
engines are one of the worse polluters of our atmosphere. Buffalograss
has a slow vertical growth habit. Legacy will only grow to a height of 3
to 5 inches. Prestige will grow to a height of 4 to 8 inches and UC
Verde will grow a height of 4 to 6 inches. There is no set mowing schedule for
Buffalograss. Just mow
for the look you are trying to create.
For a manicured turf, you will need
to mow once every two to three weeks. Todd Valley Farms Buffalograss only grows 3
to 8 inches so it never looks unsightly. Generally, the lower maximum
height will be in drier climates, whereas the higher height will
be in areas with annual rainfall of 30 or more inches. We do recommend
that you mow at least one time per year.
Todd Valley Farms is the turfgrass choice for a pollen reduced landscape.
People with allergies and asthma should consider a landscape with low pollen
plants. This creates a more comfortable environment and reduces the
amount of medicine needed for those who suffer from allergies or asthma.
The American Lung Association recommends using plants which have a pollen
rating of 6 or less. Legacy and Prestige Buffalograss have a rating of 1.
UC Verde has only a slightly higher rating.
"Legacy® Buffalograss is
a true pollen-free sod lawn grass and is highly
recommended for allergy-free gardens and landscapes. On
the OPALS/TM scale, where 1 is least allergenic and 10
is worst, Legacy® Buffalograss well deserves the highest
rating of #1. I recommend it also for use as a
drought-tolerant, no-mow, attractive, grassy
Thomas Leo Ogren, author
of Allergy-Free Gardening.
Buffalograss reduces our dependence on chemicals.
chemicals is significant because you can protect the environment and save money in the
process. Every year millions of dollars are spent applying insecticides to control turf damaging insects. While this allows us to have
beautiful grass, it also kills beneficial insects in the soil. Buffalograss is resistant to most turf damaging insects so the need for an
insecticide is rare. While you may need chemicals to control some
weeds in a highly manicured lawn, our turf-type Buffalograss is very dense and
aggressive, making it more difficult for weeds to infest the turf. The environment
is a definite winner with Buffalograss.
Buffalograss is eligible for water rebates in many cities with
limited supplies of water. Since Todd Valley Farms Buffalograss varieties use a fraction of
the water of most turfgrasses, many cities offer rebates if you plant these water
conserving grasses. Check with your local water board or city officials to see
if you qualify.
Legacy and Prestige Buffalograss have
excellent sod strength. Unlike other buffalograss varieties, they
are able to be harvested
as sod and installed with ease.
environmental and economic traits of turf-type
buffalograss cannot be disputed. A typical homeowner
will save hundreds of dollars a year on lawn
maintenance costs. Large turf installations can save
thousands of dollars.
The only apparent drawback of Buffalograss is that
its’ growing season is shorter than bluegrass or
fescue. We have been told that the longer the
growing season for grass the better. But the longer
growing season also costs time and money. So how do
you have a green lawn everyday of the year with
Buffalograss if it’s season is shorter.
In the warm climates of the United States, where
winters are mild and summer temperatures reach into
the 90's or higher consistently throughout the
summer, turf-type buffalograss from Todd Valley
Farms can be over-seeded during the fall with
ryegrass, the same way Bermuda is over-seeded. This
will give you a green and growing winter lawn during
the winter and when temperatures increase the next
spring the ryegrass will die in the heat and the
buffalograss will once again give you a low
water-use turf with minimal mowing. Over-seeding
with ryegrass should only be done in areas where the
summer weather is severe enough to prohibit the
survival of the ryegrass. Check with your local
extension horticulturist before proceeding with this
Another option available to all areas is turf
painting. The density and upright nature of our
turf-type buffalograss enables it to be “painted”
during the normal dormant cycle allowing you to have
a green lawn 12 months out of the year. Special turf
colorant is available to spray on the grass with a
back pack sprayer or by a lawn service with their
regular chemical application equipment. If the turf
colorant is unavailable, you can also use regular
latex paint from your local paint store. Thin the
paint with enough water to allow it to be sprayed
through the sprayer. For the best coverage paint
twice with the second application applied at a 90º
angle from the first application. It is simple and
inexpensive to do and one application should last
the entire winter. In the spring the grass will
start growing and the paint will be mowed off. We
suggest you use green paint, but, of course, that is
up to you.
By painting the
Buffalograss you can have a dark green lawn even
with snow on it.
UC Verde California-Specific Winter growth and color
Like most plants, UC Verde will go through
changes during the winter months. Vertical growth will
cease or slow down eliminating any need to mow or water.
Horizontal stolen growth will also slow or stop, so its
ability to fill in open areas at this time will be limited.
Winter color will vary by geographic location.
For coastal California UC Verde will
begin to take on subtle change to a tan color mixed in with
green. This will occur in December, after the onset of
shorter day light hours and colder temperatures as plants go
into a semi-dormant phase or winter rest. The colder it is,
the more tan to straw color the surface foliage will become.
For inland areas where winter temperatures
consistently drop into the 20's, there may be complete color
change and dormant phase until the temperatures begin to
rise again. These winter changes generally last about 60 to
The duration of this color change may be
reduced by combining a late fall fertilization with mowing
UC Verde to to about 1 inch height when you begin to see the
change in color. This will allow the sun to keep the soil
warmer reducing these changes. In the late winter, repeat
the fertilization to encourage the grass to begin growing
again. If you want to have your lawn totally green during
the winter months, an organic based turf colorant can be
Hawaii is also in
need of water conservation. A growing population is creating increasing demands on the islands
water supply. The Honolulu Board of
Water Supply has initiated a
conservation program that is meant to
preserve the islands underground water
supply before it is to late.
Over 50 percent of Hawaii’s water-use goes toward the outdoor
landscape. Turf-type buffalograss
in lawns can substantially reduce the
gallons used on maintaining grass
throughout Hawaii. This savings will
help ensure an adequate water supply for
future generations. The Honolulu Board
of Water Supply encourages the residents
of Hawaii to incorporate Xeriscape
principles into their outdoor
landscapes. These principles promote
the use of separate and functional turf
areas. Buffalograss is the
recommended Xeriscape grass.
Due to the wide range of climates in Hawaii, we have the production of UC
Verde, Legacy and Prestige on the
islands so you can have the best turf
for your area.
Hawaii also has a Weed
Risk Assessment [WRA] program that
analyses plants as to their risk of
becoming invasive and threatening to
native plant life on the islands.
Buffalograss is the only turfgrass that
is on the “OK to Plant” list. All
other turfgrasses are considered
invasive. The WRA is another valuable
reason to plant UC Verde, Prestige or
For availability in
Po Box 913 •
Kahuku, HI 96731 •
The need to conserve water is not
confined to the United States. As the world
population increases, water consumption for basic
human needs increases. This leaves less water
for our lawn and landscape areas. Turf
areas are very important to our quality of life and
in order to preserve this quality we must use
grasses that preserve our water supply.
Buffalograss has a wide range of adaptation and is
native to many parts of the world. Legacy®,
Prestige™ and UC Verde™ make it possible to match
the best buffalograss cultivar to your individual
climate. Todd Valley Farms is able to export
its vegetative buffalograss to most foreign
countries. To learn more about export or production
possibilities in foreign countries contact Wayne
Thorson via email at